Urethral obstruction occurs most commonly in male cats but may occur in male or female dogs and cats of any age.
The most common signs/symptoms are straining to urinate with no urine or small drops of urine being produced. Other signs that may be seen include bloody urine, frequent attempts to urinate, urinary accidents, vomiting and lethargy. Urinary obstruction may quickly become a life-threatening condition if not promptly diagnosed and treated.
Recommended diagnostics for urethral obstruction includes urinalysis, urine culture, radiographs (x-rays), and sometimes more advanced imaging like ultrasound and/or x-ray contrast studies of the urinary tract.
Treatment involves relieving the urethral obstruction typically by sedating or anesthetizing the patient and placement of a urinary catheter. Other measeures include giving medications to treat electrolyte abnormalities if present and IV fluids to aid hydration and bring down kidney values. Appropriate treatment also involves identifying and treating the underlying cause of the urethral obstruction such as bladder stones.
Aftercare generally involves antibiotics as well as medications to help relax muscles in the urethra and occasionally diet changes. Follow up with your primary care veterinarian for [hysical examination and recheck of urine will also be recommended. Coming soon.